The inhabitants were mainly farmers. This is prooved by the existence of four mills, which were on the right side of the river.
They cultivated cereals, pulses, many fruit trees and many vines. From the resulting products they payed the tenth percent to the Turkish government, as tax.
They kept domestic animals (sheep, goats, cows) and also horses, mules and donkeys.
Only a few of them could read and write. Most of them were illiterate, as evidenced in various written documents that we have in our disposal today. That was due to the slavery under the Turks but also it was because of the fact that the education system had always been classy. Throughout, education was the privilege of the few.
Starting from the Voinikos Treaty and the resulting immigration of the inhabitants of Koukouli to Turkey and Europe , money began to flow in the village coming from Russia, Romania, Istanbul and Bessarabia together with new culture and new ideas for a better organization of life in the Turkish-occupied area